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World War II History

How World War II began

Germany Under Hitler Germany was a total dictatorship under the Nazi Party and Chancellor Adolf Hitler (pictured below right) in 1938. The Treaty of Versailles effectively ended World War I in 1919 and had imposed strict disarmament terms on Germany. However, by the late 1930’s, Hitler had dropped all pretense of observing the terms of the treaty and began not...

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Dunkirk – ‘Operation Dynamo’

The Dunkirk evacuation refers to the evacuation of Allied soldiers from the beaches and harbour of Dunkirk, France, between the 26 May and 4 June 1940. It was run by Admiral Sir Bertram Ramsey and was code-named ‘Operation Dynamo’ because it was run out of the old dynamo room at Dover Castle. The evacuation was decided upon when British, French and Belgian soldiers...

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Dieppe Raid – ‘Operation Jubilee’

The Dieppe Raid began life during its planning stages as ‘Operation Rutter’ and by its final official codename ‘Operation Jubilee’. It was an Allied attack that took place on the 19 August 1942 against the German occupied port of Dieppe. The Allied force consisted of 6,000 infantry who were predominantly Canadian. They were supported by tanks of the...

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Normandy and D-Day Landings

The Normandy landings took place on Tuesday 6 June 1944 forever to be known as D-Day. The landings code name was ‘Operation Neptune’ and was part of the Allied invasion of Normandy whose code name in turn was ‘Operation Overlord’. This was the largest seaborne invasion in history and its sole aim was the liberation of German-occupied north...

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Arnhem – ‘Operation Market Garden’

‘Operation Market Garden’ (17-25 September 1944) was an unsuccessful Allied military operation, fought in the Netherlands. The operation was split into two sub-operations which when combined gives the operation its name. Market refers to the airborne forces of the First Allied Airborne Army, who would drop behind German lines and seize a number of bridges. The final...

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